Also called ‘Little Kashmir’ for its beauty, Pithoragarh district provides opportunities for adventure sports like white water rafting, canoeing, skiing and hang-gliding. Pilgrimages are another attraction of the district welcoming thousands of devotees to its sacred land. One of the major tourism destinations in Dev Bhoomi Uttarakhand, Pithoragarh district is well loved hill station as well.
Water bodies are abundant in Pithoragarh district, with enchanting glaciers, beautiful lakes, huge rivers and fascinating waterfalls. Bestowed with natural beauty to the fullest, Pithoragarh houses numerous [p2p type=”slug” value=”glaciers”]glaciers,[/p2p] some of them to name- Balati Glacier, Baldimga Glacier, Baling Golfu Glacier, Bamlas Glacier, Dhauli Glacier, Kalabaland Glacier, Kali Glacier, Kuti Glacier, Meola Glacier, Milam Glacier, Namik Glacier, Panchchuli Glacier, Ralam Glacier, Sankalpa Glacier, Shipu Glacier, Sobla Tejam Glacier, Sona Glacier, Talkot Glacier, Terahar Glacier, Yangti Basin Glacier.
Pithoragarh District Tourism
Nature has blessed Pithoragarh district with all her might. Once one reaches Pithoragarh as a tourist, s/he will be pleased with every bit of land you pass through, the heavenly beauty of Pithoragarh district bounds the visitors to either extend tour or to add Pithoragarh visit in their to do list. The district pleases the tourists with Birthi Fall, Garaun Fall, Lim Bagudiyar Fall and Pilsitti Fall. Some of the lakes in Pithoragarh district Anchhari Tal, Chhiplakot Lake, Jolingkong Lake, Maheshwari Kund, Parvati Sarovar and Thamri Kund.
Pithoragarh is also home to the most beautiful Himalayan Peaks like Nanda Devi East, Trishul, Panchchuli, Nanda Kot, Nanda Pal, Rishi Pahar connecting legendary history to the ancient times. Byans Valley, Daramaganga/Darma Valley, Kuthi Valley, Johar Valley, Saur Valley, Kali Valley, Kalabaland Valley, Ralam Valley are some of the popular valleys of Pithoragarh.
Skiing Ranges in Pithoragarh are Khalia Top, Betuli Dhar and Chhiplakot.
Pithoragarh District – Administrative Setup
Pithoragarh district is divided into 6 tehsils and 6 development blocks. It has 1,672 villages among which people inhibit 1,579 villages. There are 4 degree colleges, 68 Intermediate colleges, 50 high schools, 1,031 government schools for primary education in Pithoragarh district. 46 allopathic hospitals with 56 beds, 18 community health centers, 4 dispensaries and 154 sub health centers are established in Pithoragarh to address the health facility needs of general public of Pithoragarh district. Though there is no major industry currently running in Pithoragarh district, the district has potential for Tourism industry to greatest extent. Nature has decorated Pithoragarh district with all beautiful landscapes, rivers, hills, glaciers, lakes and waterfalls with numerous opportunities for adventure. More, local fruit Malta can be utilized to produce jam, jelly, pickle or other fruit product which can be exported to other regions of the Uttarakhand state. Horticulture and floriculture can be expanded into one of the major industries; mining and mineral based industries can also be expanded in Pithoragarh district.
Border to neighboring Nepal and Tibet on east and north divided Kali river and Indo-Tibetan watershed respectively, Pithoragarh district touches Champawat, Almora, Bageshwar, Chamoli districts on its south and west.
History of Pithoragarh District
The history of Pithoragarh is incomplete without discussing the history of Almora district.
Almora was under the rule of Katyuri dynasty before it became an independent city. Katyuri king Baichaldeo who believed on donation for religious cause donated major part of his land to Sri Chand Tiwari, a Gujrati Brahmin. In 1568, Chand Kingdom was founded by Kalyan Chand in Baramandal and Almora being at the center of the Kingdom was founded as town. During that time, Almora was named as Rajapur or Rajpur (King’s place) and we can find some ancient copper plates where the name ‘Rajpur’ is mentioned. King Kalyan Chand established number of temples in the region, Nanda Devi temple is one of them. During the unification of Nepal kingdom led by King Prithvi Narayan Shah, Almora was unified into a single kingdom Nepal. The rule of Nepali king was brutal as like in some other parts of the country where they had to fight hard to unite the nation. Later when British invaded India, they won a part of Nepal and Almora came under the rule of British India. British entered the Himalayan city and colonial bungalows started erupting out covering the beautiful land with Britishers all over. Kausani hill station, Ranikhet Hill station, Almora hill station were the major targets of Britishers who enjoyed the beauty and grandeur of Uttarakhand to the most. After Independence, Almora, like any other parts of Uttarakhand became a part of India.
On 24th February 1960, Pithoragarh tehsil was made an independent district Pithoragarh with Pithoragarh town as the district headquarter, separating it from Almora district. Champawat tehsils of Pithoragarh was cut out of Pithoragarh district to make Champawat district on 15th September 1997.