Honored as high as Kashi or Varanash, the Kashi in the north – Uttarkashi has many similarities with Varanash. Both lie on the bank of Ganga, called Bhagirathi in Uttarkashi and Ganga in Kashi; both lie between Varuna and Asirivers called Syalam Gad and Kaligad in [p2p type=”slug” value=”uttarkashi”]Uttarkashi[/p2p] and Varuna and Asi in Kashi; both house holiest ghatas Manikarnika, the same name in both spots; and both house the highly honored Vishwanath temples.
Uttarkashi district 1,187 meters above sea level is the north-west district of Dev Bhoomi Uttarakhand state in India and witnesses millions of religious and non religious tourists every year especially during summer and spring season.
History Uttarkashi District
Uttarkashi district was formed in the year 1960. The area is believed to be inhabited by Kiratas, Kurus, Tanganas, Khasas, Kunindas and Pratanganas during the historical time. Uttarkashi region is popular as having vedic language and veda at the top. Hindu holy epic Mahabharata mentions Uttarkashi as a holy region. Skanda puran refers Uttarkashi, Bhagirathi, Bhila Ganga and Jahanvi river as Kedarkhanda.
Uttarkashi was ruled by Pal dynasty who later changed their surname to Shah. Uttarkashi faced different rulers during different times as other parts of Garhwal and Kumaun faced. Finally after India’s independence in 1947, Uttarkashi became an independent district in 1960.
Uttarkashi District – Administrative Setup
Uttarkashi district is divided into six tehsils. There are 24 allopathic [p2p type=”slug” value=”hospitals”]hospitals,[/p2p] 52 ayurvedic hospitals, 9 homeopathic hospitals, 3 community health centers, 9 primary health centers, 83 family and mother child welfare service center, 1 TB hospital, 1 leprosy hospital, 1 hospital for communicable diseases in Uttarkashi district to address the health needs of general public. To provide easy and affordable access to education, there are 956 primary schools, 344 middle schools, 96 secondary and senior secondary schools, 5 colleges, 6 industrial training institutes and 1 polytechnic institute in [p2p type=”slug” value=”uttarkashi”]Uttarkashi district.[/p2p]
Uttarkashi district is bordered with neighboring country Tibet in northeast, Himanchal Pradesh in north, [p2p type=”slug” value=”dehradun”]Dehradun[/p2p] in west, Tehri in south, [p2p type=”slug” value=”rudraprayag”]Rudraprayag[/p2p] in south east and [p2p type=”slug” value=”chamoli”]Chamoli district [/p2p]in east.
Uttarkashi district – Economy
Tourism, animal husbandry, cottage industry and agriculture are the main economy source in [p2p type=”slug” value=”uttarkashi”]Uttarkashi district[/p2p]. Being a major pilgrimage spot in Uttarakhand state housing significant religious temples and spots along with beautiful glaciers, skiing ranges, enchanting rivers, valleys and Himalayan ranges Uttarkashi district is one of the most visited district attracting hundreds of thousands of tourists every year. Another major industry is sheep rearing for wool and meat. Cottage industries related to wood business are found in the district. Agriculture is not flourished in [p2p type=”slug” value=”uttarkashi”]Uttarkashi[/p2p] for most of the land being covered by either forest or uncultivated land. Soil erosion is another problem.
Education and health sectors need to be improved, educating the people for betterment of life and providing better health services will add a brick to the enhancement of living standard of people. Horticulture, animal husbandry, cottage industries and tourism sector can be better nurtured and extended along with cyber cafe, internet facility and computer literacy among the locals.
Population of Uttarkashi District
According to the national census 2011, [p2p type=”slug” value=”rudraprayag”]Rudraprayag district[/p2p] has a total population of 330,086 with 161,489 female and 168,597 male where the child population aged 0-6 is 46,307 with 22,142 girls and 24,165 boys. The urban population is 7.36% of the total population, 24,305 in number. 92.64 % of the population is rural, 305,781 in number.
75.81% people in [p2p type=”slug” value=”uttarkashi”]Uttarkashi[/p2p] are literate.
Total Area 8,016 Sq. Km.
Particulars Total Female Male Remarks
Population 330,086 161,489 168,597 Growth rate: 11.89% change as of 2001
Sex ratio 958 women per 1000 men
Literate population 215,126 86,889 128,237
Literacy rate (%) 75.81 62.35 88.79
Child population (age 0-6) 46,307 22,142 24,165 14.03% of total
Child sex ratio 916 girls per 1000 boys
Urban Population 24,305 11,083 13,222 7.36% of total
Urban sex ratio 838 women per 1000 men
Urban literate population 19,217 8,075 11,142
Urban Literacy rate (%) 88.72 94.84 81.46
Urban Child population (age 0-6) 2,644 1,170 1,474 10.88% of total
Urban Child sex ratio 794 girls per 1000 boys
Rural population 305,781 150,406 155,375 92.64% of total
Rural sex ratio 968 women per 1000 men
Rural literate population 195,909 78,814 117,095
Rural Literacy rate (%) 74.74 60.89 88.25
Rural Child population (age 0-6) 43,663 20,972 22,691 14.28% of total
Rural Child sex ratio 924 girls per 1000 boys
Proportion to Uttarakhand Population 3.27%