Declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in December 1988 along with Valley of Flowers, Nanda Devi National Park extending between 2,400 to 6,817 meters was established to protect high altitude flora and fauna in 1980 and covers 630.33 square kilometers area in Chamoli district of Dev Bhoomi Uttarakhand. Popular for the rare species of animals, Nanda Devi National Park forms the core zone of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve.
Nanda Devi National park is divided into two parts as inner and outer. The inner part houses north Rishi glacier, south Rishi glacier, north Nanda Devi glacier and south Nanda Devi glacier while Trisul and Ramani glacier are covered in the outer sanctuary of Nanda Devi National Park. The inner and outer sanctuary of Nanda Devi National Park are divided by high ridges where Rishi Ganga flows.
Nanda Devi National Park tourism
Highly protected for preserving flora and fauna, Nanda Devi National park is trekked by hundreds of nature lovers following all the rules set for the visitors. Himalayan musk, Himalayan thar, Indian leopard and serow also reside happily in this wildlife sanctuary. 80 species of birds have made home in Nanda Devi National Park. Nanda Devi National Park has 312 species of plants among which 17 are considered rare. Nearby the Nanda Devi glacier, vegetation decreases. Alpine vegetation starts from Ramani glacier and junipers are mostly seen. Further away, grasses, mosses and lichens cover the area.
In 1939, Nanda Devi Basin was declared a Sanctuary and the name was Nanda Devi Sanctuary. The sanctuary witnessed around 4000 annual visitors in 1960s and 70s. In 1982, it was declared National Park by adding 630.33 square kilometers area naming it Nanda Devi National Park and was banned to the tourists because of ecological threats. To this point of time, Nanda Devi National Park falls in Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve which has a protected area of 2,236.74 square kilometers and is surrounded by a buffer zone of 5,148.57 square kilometers. Nanda Devi National Park is now open for the visitors but has rules that all should follow. Daily two groups of 5 people each and weekly total four groups are allowed to visit the National Park accompanied by a registered guide. The visitor must be above 14 years and provisions of wildlife protection act must be followed by each visitor.
Nanda Devi National Park is open from 1st May to 31st October each year attracting geographers, geologists, trekkers and nature lovers. Artists, photographers and poets find real pleasure and get new ideas at Nanda Devi National Park. Adventurers love to dwell through the glaciers, rivers and streams talking to nature and refreshing the soul.
Trek to Nanda Devi National Park
Starting from Haridwar, tourists need to pass through Rishikesh–Devprayag–Rudraprayag–Karnaprayag–Nandprayag on the Chamoli road and reach roadhead for Lata. The trek begins from Lata Village passing through Dharansi, Debrugheta to Nanda Devi National Park. Nanda Ghunti, Trishul, Mrigthuni, Nanda Khat, Nanda Devi east, Changabang, Kalanka and Dunagiri majestically residing around Nanda Devi National Park seem to be the participants of Himalayan beauty pageant where the viewers find no clue how to give the scores.
Nanda Devi National Park | How to reach?
- By air: Jolly Grant airport Dehradun is the nearest airport Km from Joshimath and 295Km from Nanda Devi National Park. Jolly Grant airport is well connected with Delhi. You can find taxi, cab or bus from Dehradun to Joshimath.
- By rail: Rishikesh railway station is the nearest railhead Km from Joshimath and 276KM from Nanda Devi National Park. You can find taxi or bus to Joshimath from Rishikesh railway station which is connected to Haridwar, Dehradun and other parts of Uttarakhand state.
- By road: Joshimath is 254Km from Rishikesh, 274Km from Haridwar and 293Km from Dehradun. These four places are well connected through roadways to other parts of Uttarakhand state. Raini is 22.8Km from Joshimath and a few meters away from Lata village.
Route to Nanda Devi National Park
- Dehradun – Rishikesh – Devprayag – Rudraprayag – Karnaprayag – Nandprayag – Joshimath – Nanda Devi National Park
Nanda Devi National Park | Best Time to Visit
Summer provides greenery and best walks around the forest. Tourist can go during October to enjoy the wide variety of alpine wild beings in Nanda Devi National Park.
Nanda Devi National Park | Places to See
- Joshimath: Gateway to several mountain climbing expeditions, trekking route to major Char Dham pilgrimage Badrinath, Joshimath in Chamoli district of Dev Bhoomi Uttarakhand is 6,150 meters above sea level.
- Gopeshwar: Similar to Kedarnath temple in structure, Gopeshwar temple dedicated to lord Shiva is 10Km from Chamoli with a grand dome, 30 square feet sanctum and the temple has 24 doors.This is the only Shiva temple where milk and water are not offered to lord Shiva and only ‘Bel-Patra’ is offered. The legend states it to be the place where a cow everyday milked on the Shiva Linga and the king of the state constructed a temple in the place.
- Few more near by places to Nanda Devi National Park are – Dronagiri Village | Badrinath | Nanda Devi Temple