Dev Bhoomi Uttarakhand is the sacred land that treasures thousands of pilgrimages with their legend and some physical materials connecting faith to the holy eras- Satya Yuga with lord Vishnu in form of lord Vishnu, Treta Yuga with lord Vishnu in the form of lord Ram- Hindu holy epic Ramayan after him and Dwapar Yuga with lord Vishnu in the form of lord Krishna also called Keshawa- Hindu holy epic Mahabharata with Bhagwat Geeta (the life’s lessons preached by the lord himself) after him.
Along with chhota (smaller) Char Dham- Yamunotri, Gangotri, Kedarnath and Badrinath dedicated to holy rivers Yamuna, Ganga, lord Shiva and lord Vishnu respectively- Dev Bhoomi Uttarakhand enshrines Panch Badri- the five abode of lord Vishnu, also called Badri by his devotees with love, where thousands of pilgrims visit for worship and meditation every year.
The five temples of lord Vishnu settled at five different places starting from the height of 1,380 meters to 3,133 meters, have the idols of lord Vishnu in different forms having similar- lord Vishnu in meditative position idol at Badrinath (Badri Vishal) and Yogdhyan Badri.
According to legends, Vrida Badri as per the name suggests is the oldest Badri temple which housed the original idol of Badri where people used to worship the lord before Aadiguru Shankaracharya established an idol at Badrinath. Aadiguru Shankaracharya established four idols of lord Vishnu in four corners of India- Badrinath Dham in the north, Jagannath Dham in the east, Rameshwram Dham in the south and Dwaraka Dham in the west- making Char Dham for Hidnu devotees to spread Hinduism throughout India. Aadiguru Shankaracharya had found the idol of lord Vishnu in the Narada kund and established in Badrinath.
Bhavishya Badri situated at Joshimath is believed to be the next adobe of lord Vishnu when the way to current Badrinath will be closed when a landslide will occur collapsing Nara and Narayan (reffering to Arjun, the third son of Kunti in Hindu holy epic Mahabharata and lord Krishna) hills and blocking the path to Badrinath. This devastating landslide will occur when the right arm of the statue of Narsingh (half man and half lion- 4th incarnation of lord Vishnu) will detach from its body. It is said that the arm is shrinking day by day.
Aadi Badri by its name explains that lord Vishnu seated in this place in bygone era. Narayan temple with a black stone idol of lord Vishnu is the main temple at Aadi Badri among the 16 temples in the area.
Mostly visited by pilgrimages, Panch Badri also witness tourists seeking for spiritual relaxation and searching for meaning of life. With temples with varied scriptures and carvings, Panch Badri temples are major tourist destinations for art lovers and history students.
Badri Vishal : Badri Vishal or the greatest Badri (Vishnu) is worshiped at the present Badrinath temple where the lord is supposed to remain seated throughout the Kaliyug, an era in the Hindu pantheon. It is Badrinath from where the lord performs his tenure of the preserver of the universe as per the theory of Hindu Trinity.
Yogdhyan Badri : (Height 1,920)When the temple of Badrinath gets closed for winter, the lord is seated throughout the reopening of the temple as Yogdhyan Badri (meditating Vishnu) at Pandukeshwar, 24km downhill on the Joshimath road. According to the legends, Kind Pandu of the great epic Mahabharata was blessed by the lord out of the curse of a sage at Pandukeshwar, ever since then, the lord is worshiped at an ancient temple as Yogdhyan Badri.
Adi Badri : (Height 1875)Lord Vishnu was seated at Adi Badri, or the Vishnu of the bygone era, at Adi Badri which is a cluster of sixteen temples of Gupta period, 18km from Karnaprayag on the road to Ranikhet. The Narain temple among the cluster houses a black stone idol of lord Vishnu and is referred as Adi Badri.
Bridha Badri : As the name suggests Bridha Badri is the old (Bridha) shrine of lord Vishnu located at Animath 7km from Joshimath on the Pipalkoti road. The shrine is known as Bridha Badri as this is the place where the lord was worshiped in the ancient times before Adiguru Shankaracharya re-enshrined the lord at the present shrine Badrinath.
Bhawishya Badri : (Height 2,744)when the Kaliyug era would come to an end the whole world would come to an end as well and lord Vishnu would reappear at Bhawishya Badri or the Badri of the future. According to a belief, when the arm of the idol of Narsingh at Joshimath would fall, as it is getting thinner each year, Jay and Vijay mountains at Vishnuprayag would collapse blocking the passage for Badrinath forever. The future Badri would be seated at Bhawishya Badri in the shrine where he is still worshiped at an elevation of 2744 meters, 17km from Joshimath on the Malari road.