Dehradun District

Map

Location

Dehradun District | How To Reach?

  • By Air: Jolly Grant airport Dehradun has regular flight connected to Delhi. Jolly Grant airport is 24.8Km from main city Dehradun. You will find taxi and cabs to other parts of the district from Jolly Grant airport. Also you can find state and city bus for Dehradun city.
  • By Rail: Dehradun Railway station is in Govind Nagar in the city of Dehradun only 1.1Km from the main city. Other rail stations in Dehradun district are Raiwala (42.1Km), Rishikesh (41.9Km), Doiwala (19.8Km) and Harrawala (9.7Km).
  • By Road: Dehradun has a well connected road network to other parts of Uttarakhand state and other major cities of India.

Situated at an average altitude of 640 meters above sea level, Dehradun district lies in the north-west border of Dev Bhoomi Uttarakhand state touching Himanchal Pradesh in its west and Uttar Pradesh in its south. Dehradun district shares its border with Uttarkashi district in north and north-west, Tehri Garhwal and Pauri Garhwal districts in its east and Haridwar in the southern tip thus establishing itself as the gateway to Garhwal region and also houses major tourism spots. Sitting lovingly in the lap of Himalayas and Shivalik hills, Dehradun district falls on the Doon Valley and nestles in between holy rivers Ganga and Yamuna in its east and west.  Dehradun district also holds the honor of the holy confluence of Ganga and Yamuna in Rishikesh.

Economy of Dehradun District – Industries in Dehradun District

Currently running industries in Dehradun district are of clothes, leather, wood and wood product, paper and paper product, print and broadcast media, petroleum manufacture, chemical and chemical product, rubber and plastic product. Tourism industry along with Information Technology will potentially flourish in Dehradun district. Dehradun can be developed as a major tourist hub by encouraging varied fruit orchards- majorly mango, lichi and guava in lower regions and grapes, orange, apple and other fruits that suit in higher altitude regions. The fertile land of Dehradun district can yield more crops if agriculture is prioritized. Bee keeping will be one major business if fruit orchards are developed. Also hand-crafts, wood carving and pottery can be encouraged which the tourists will like to take back home for memory and gifts to dear ones.

History of Dehradun District

It is believed that the hero of Hindu holy epic Ramayana- lord Rama and his brother Laxman had come to Dehradun after killing the giant Ravana who had kidnapped Ram’s wife Sita. Thus its history dates back to Treta Yuga. In Dwapar Yuga, Dronacharya- the guru of Pandavas and Kauravas resided in Dehradun area. Tapkeshwar Mahadev temple and the cave nearby have the legend related to Dronacharya’s residence in the area. During that time, Dehradun was popular as Drona-Nagari meaning city of Drona. Rishikesh of Dehradun district is believed to be handed to Rishis (sages) by lord Vishnu after killing Madhu and Kaitabh giants to save the world.

Ashoka rock edict dating back to his rule 273-232BC found in Kalsi of Dehradun district is the authentic history of Dehradun. In 1676, Guru Ram Rai, the eldest son of seventh Sikh Guru Har Rai, came to settle in Dhamawala of Dehradun, called it his ‘Dera’ meaning settlement and built a gurudwara in Khurbura with support of the then King Fateh Shah. Devotees started to visit the gurudwara and gradually houses began to erupt in the surrounding area. This way, Dehradun City was established. Dehra comes from the word Dera used to denote camp or settlement of Guru Ram Rai and Dun means valley. Every year on the fifth day after Holi festival, Jhanda fair is held at Dhamawala. Dehradun, a part of Garhwal division developed during the rule of Najib-ul-Daula. Short term rules of Rajputs, Gujjars, Sikhs and Gurkhas led to its decline. In 1816 British took over the area and ruled until India’s independence in 1945.

After independence Dehradun city of Dehradun district became the capital city of Dev Bhoomi Uttarakhand with its majestic natural grandeur and heavenly environment.

Population of Dehradun District

According to the national census 2011, Dehradun district has a total population of 1,696,694 with 804,495 female and 892,199 male where the child population aged 0-6 is 83,901 with 39,846 girls and 44,055 boys. The urban population is 55.52% of the total population, 941,941 in number. 44.48% of the population is rural, 754,753 in number.

84.25% people in Dehradun are literate.

Total Area

3,088 Sq. Km.

     

Particulars

Total

Female

Male

Remarks

Population

1,696,694

804,495

892,199

Growth rate: 32.33% change as of 2001

Sex ratio

902 women per 1000 men

Literate population

1,259,506

557,290

702,216

Literacy rate (%)

84.25

78.54

89.40

Child population (age 0-6)

201,652

94,906

106,746

11.88% of total

Child sex ratio

889 girls per 1000 boys

Urban Population

941,941

442,633

499,308

52.525 of total

Urban sex ratio

886 women per 1000 men

Urban literate population

741,670

331,836

409,834

Urban Literacy rate (%)

88.27

83.91

92.15

Urban Child population (age 0-6)

101,695

47,152

54,543

10.80% of total

Urban Child sex ratio

864 girls per 1000 boys

Rural population

754,753

361,862

392,891

44.48 of total

Rural sex ratio

921 women per 1000 men

Rural literate population

517,836

225,454

292,382

Rural Literacy rate (%)

79.08

71.78

85.82

Rural Child population (age 0-6)

99,957

47,754

52,203

13.24% of total

Rural Child sex ratio

915 girls per 1000 boys

Proportion to Uttarakhand Population

16.82%

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