District of pilgrimages, Rudraprayag houses more than 200 shrines of lord Shiva, Kedarnath being the most prominent. Deriving its name from Rudraprayag, the third of Panch Prayag- the holy confluence of Alaknanda river and Mandakini river- Rudraprayag district was established as an independent district in 1997 september 16 cutting off of Jakholi and Kirtinagar blocks of Tehri Garhwal district, some parts of Krishu block of Pauri Garhwal district and Agastyamuni and Ukhimath blocks and some parts of Pokhri and Karnaprayag blocks of Chamoli district. Tehri Garhwal covers the western border, Pauri Garhwal is in south and south east part of Rudraprayag district, Chamoli is in the east and north east border and Uttarkashi district borders with the district from north.
Rudraprayag has religious significance for it being the diversion to two major Char Dham pilgrimages Kedarnath and Badrinath. The major pilgrim sites in Rudraprayag district are Kedarnath, Madhyamaheshwar, Tungnath, Ukhimath, Kalimath, Koteshwar Mahadev, Umra Narayan, Dhari Devi, Triyuginarayan temple, Haryali Devi and Nari Devi. The place where sage Agastyamuni meditated is also in Rudraprayag district. One of the major tributary of holy river Ganga- Mandakini river flows in the district boosting its significance of holy district. The name Rudraprayag itself derives from lord Shiva who appeared at the holy confluence to bless sage Narad popularly known as Narad Muni for his penance.
Economy of Rudraprayag District
Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary covering 966 square kilometers is situated in Rudraprayag district and is house to brown beer, musk deer, black bear, bharal, serrow and many other wild animals. Chir pheasant, monal pheasant, snow pigeon, koklas and chakor are some of the avifauna to name. variety of forest trees found in Rudraprayag district are Chir, oak, chimul, kharasu, moru, fir, pine, kail, deodar, banj, buransh, boru, bhoj patra, amaltas, bel, kachnar, dhak, catechu, bahera, har/harara. Large variety of mammels, varied species of birds, reptiles, insects like butterflies, snow flies, honey bees, spider, bumble bees and leech are found in Rudraprayag district. The rivers of Rudraprayag district are house to fishes.
Major crops produced in Rudraprayag district are rice, wheat, chaulai and oilseeds. People grow cabbage, French bean, tomato, pea, spinach, raddish, onion, garlic, rai and potato. The cereals grown in Rudraprayag district are arhar, masoor, rajma, rapseeds and urd. The fields of Rudraprayag district bear fruits like apple, orange, guava, pear, apricot, kiwi, mango and papaya.
Major exportable items from the district Rudraprayag are Herbs and meditational plants, wood and wood products, woolen products. Potential sectors to expand for economic growth of Rudraprayag are tourism both religious and adventurous, hotel and restaurants, food processing and bakery, bee keeping, plantation and wood industries, health and social work, educational institutions. Also, plantation of oil seeds like Jatropha, fishery, horticulture crops, abundant plantation of herbs and meditational plants will assist people grow economically. Hydro Dam can also be established in Rudraprayag district to address the irrigational needs and hydro-power generation to some extent.
Rudraprayag District : Administrative Setup
To address the health needs of people in Rudraprayag district, there are 24 allopathic hospitals, 52 ayurvedic hospitals, 9 homeopathic hospitals, 1 tuberculosis hospital, 1 leprosy hospital, 1 hospital for communicable diseases, 3 community health centers, 9 primary health centers, 83 family and mother-child welfare sub centers, 6 industrial training institutes and 1 polytechnic institute. There are 956 primary schools, 344 middle schools, 96 secondary and senior secondary schools and 5 colleges in Rudraprayag district to provide quality education to the people.