Almora District

Popular for cultural heritage, handicrafts, cuisine and wildlife Almora district attracts tourists from and outside Uttarakhand state with its natural beauty, snow clad Himalayan peaks, fascinating hill stations with pleasing environment throughout the year and the loving nature of Kumauni people. Situated at an average altitude of 1,646 meters above sea level, Almora district is in the shape of horseshoe touching five other districts of Dev Bhoomi Uttarakhand namely Champawat, Pithoragarh, Chamoli, Paurigarhwal and Nainital.

Housing the most popular three hill stations namely Almora Hill Station, Ranikhet Hill Station, Kausani Hill Station along with other smaller hill stations, Almora district attracts thousands of trekking enthusiasts with its alluring beauty, incomparable weather and hospitability of locals. Ranges like Almora, Jorasi, Dwarhat, Someshwar, Kosi, Smanora, North Gola and Jageshwar collectively contribute to the beauty of Almora. Bandi Devi, Bhonkhal (Sult), Binsar, Chobatiya, Dotyal, Ganganagar, Ganganath, Lodhiyankhan (Tadikhet), Malikhet (Syalde), Manila, Mornola, Sher, Syahi Devi, Syalde Bhatkot and Vridh Jageshwar are the major Himalayas of Almora that captivate and fill you with immense pleasure. The snow capped Himalayas and green environs hypnotize the visitors.

Adding to the beauty of Almora, mesmerizing rivers flow through the district. Kosi, Suyal, Paschimi Ramganga, Gagas, Panar and Sryu are some of the names. Tagra lake adds flavor to the insurmountable beauty.

The cultural heritage Almora has her history connected to Nanda Devi-incarnation of goddess Parvati and the Nanda Devi temple in Almora is prominent pilgrim site of the district. Nanda Devi Raj Jat celebrated every 12 years and smaller celebration held every year in Bhadra Shukla Sasthi to Asthami in three days span is most popular ceremony happily performed by Kumauni people.  Some of the other pilgrimages in Almora district are Banri Devi,  Binsar Mahadev, Chitai Devi, Dwarhat Temple Group, Gananath, Jageshwar, Jhankarsem, Kapileshwar, Kasar Devi, Katarmal, Patal Devi, Ram Shila Temple, Shev Bhetav Temple ShitalaKhet, Syahi Devi and Vridh Jageshwar. Religious faith and devotion can be highly experienced in Almora.

Almora district is divided into 9 tehsils and the major crops in the district are rice, wheat, maize, barley, manduva, oilseeds, tea and lemon. Orange, apple, mango and papaya fruits are richly found. Vegetables mainly grown are potato, tomato and onion. Masoor, pea, urd, rapeseeds, soybean and sunflower are the cereals produced.

History of Almora District

Almora was under the rule of Katyuri dynasty before it became an independent city. Katyuri king Baichaldeo who believed on donation for religious cause donated major part of his land to Sri Chand Tiwari, a Gujrati Brahmin. In 1568, Chand Kingdom was founded by Kalyan Chand in Baramandal and Almora being at the center of the Kingdom was founded as town. During that time, Almora was named as Rajapur or Rajpur (King’s place) and we can find some ancient copper plates where the name ‘Rajpur’ is mentioned. King Kalyan Chand established number of temples in the region, Nanda Devi temple is one of them. During the unification of Nepal kingdom led by King Prithvi Narayan Shah, Almora was unified into a single kingdom Nepal. The rule of Nepali king was brutal as like in some other parts of the country where they had to fight hard to unite the nation. Later when British invaded India, they won a part of Nepal and Almora came under the rule of British India. British entered the Himalayan city and colonial bungalows started erupting out covering the beautiful land with Britishers all over. Kausani hill station, Ranikhet Hill station, Almora hill station were the major targets of Britishers who enjoyed the beauty and grandeur of Uttarakhand to the most. After Independence, Almora, like any other parts of Uttarakhand became a part of India.

In 1960, Pithoragarh district was taken out from the huge Almora district giving it a horse saddle shape.

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